Hypersomnia is a condition in which you will feel excessive sleepiness during the day. It may happen even after long stretches of sleep. Hypersomnia is also referred to as excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS).
It can be a primary or secondary condition. Secondary hypersomnia is the consequence of another medical condition.
Have you ever noticed people with insomnia? Yes, right! Such people have difficulty functioning during the day since they are frequently tired; this can affect their energy and concentration level.
Do you know the types of hypersomnia?
As mentioned earlier, it can be primary or secondary.
Primary hypersomnia occurs without any medical conditions present. The only condition is excessive fatigue.
Secondary hypersomnia occurs due to other medical conditions. These can be Parkinson’s disease, sleep apnea, chronic fatigue syndrome, and kidney failure.
These medical conditions cause poor sleep at night, as a result, you will feel tired during the day.
Don’t confuse hypersomnia with narcolepsy, which causes sudden unpreventable sleep attacks during the day as those with hypersomnia can stay awake on their own, but feel fatigued.
Causes of Hypersomnia
Primary hypersomnia is said to be caused by issues in the brain systems that control sleep and waking functions.
Secondary hypersomnia is due to the condition that causes fatigue or insufficient sleep. For instance, sleep apnea can cause hypersomnia because it can cause trouble during the night, forcing people to wake up multiple times throughout the night.
Some medications could also be a reason for hypersomnia. Frequent drug and alcohol consumption may trigger the sleepiness during the day.
Who is at risk?
Those who are with conditions that make them tired during the day are most at the risk of hypersomnia.
According to the American Sleep Association, this condition affects men more than women.
Even those who smoke or drink regularly are at high risk of developing hypersomnia.
Symptoms of Hypersomnia
The main symptom is constant tiredness. They have difficulty waking from long durations of sleep.
Other symptoms are listed below;
- Low energy
- Slow thinking or Speech
- Difficulty remembering
How is it diagnosed?
A doctor will review your symptoms and medical history.
There are several tests to diagnose hypersomnia;
- Sleep diary
- Epworth Sleepiness Scale
- Multiple Sleep Latency Test
In Polysomnogram, you stay at a sleep center the whole night. A machine monitors your brain activity, heart rate, eye movements, breathing function, and oxygen levels.
Why do people feel excessively sleepy?
This is the feeling of being especially drowsy or tired during the day. Unlike fatigue, excessive sleepiness makes you feel tired due to which your day-to-day functioning is affected.
This affects an estimated 18% of the population.
The key to this problem is to determine its cause, firstly.
Therefore, getting enough sleep is essential to good health. If you are able to identify the cause of your excessive sleepiness and get treatment, you must find yourself more energetic.
Don’t live every day with a feeling of tired when you might have a condition that is easily and safely treated.
You can visit the Gullas College of Medicine for help.